Morihei Ueshiba

Founder of Aikido
Morihei Uyeshiba was one of the greatest martial artists of the twentieth century. Master Uyeshiba spent his youth and early adulthood training under a variety of sword and Jujitsu masters. As he grew older he experienced increasing disquiet, feeling that training for the sake of winning was not enough. After a long, arduous period of training and meditation, Master Uyeshiba perceived the true purpose of the martial arts to be the promotion of universal peace and love. He saw that the ideal victory was a conflict resolved without winner or loser. Master Uyeshiba began to change the techniques and practices he had learned to align with his new understanding. This led to the development of Aikido The following is excerpted from the Aikido Journal Encyclopedia, published online at www.aikidojournal.com

(14 December 1883-26 April 1969). Ueshiba is known to have studied the following martial arts: TENJIN SHIN'YO-RYU JUJUTSU, GOTO-HA YAGYU SHINGAN, judo, DAITO-RYU JUJUTSU under Sokaku TAKEDA beginning in 1915 in Hokkaido. Ueshiba was one of the most distinguished pupils of Sokaku. His direct association with this school has so far been documented from 1915 through 1937. Ueshiba also regularly observed instruction of KASHIMA SHINTO-RYU from three senior teachers of this school who taught for two or three years beginning in 1937 on his invitation at the KOBUKAN DOJO in Tokyo. Despite some sources, which imply otherwise, it is quite clear that the main technical influence on aikido are the Daito-ryu techniques of Sokaku TAKEDA.

(14 December 1883-26 April 1969). Ueshiba is known to have studied the following martial arts: TENJIN SHIN'YO-RYU JUJUTSU, GOTO-HA YAGYU SHINGAN, judo, DAITO-RYU JUJUTSU under Sokaku TAKEDA beginning in 1915 in Hokkaido. Ueshiba was one of the most distinguished pupils of Sokaku. His direct association with this school has so far been documented from 1915 through 1937. Ueshiba also regularly observed instruction of KASHIMA SHINTO-RYU from three senior teachers of this school who taught for two or three years beginning in 1937 on his invitation at the KOBUKAN DOJO in Tokyo. Despite some sources, which imply otherwise, it is quite clear that the main technical influence on aikido are the Daito-ryu techniques of Sokaku TAKEDA.

Ueshiba received his KYOJU DAIRI certificate in this art on 15 September 1922. The founder of aikido was also influenced philosophically and religiously by the OMOTO RELIGION, especially the thinking of Reverend Onisaburo DEGUCHI. His involvement with this religion began in December 1919. Ueshiba lived in Ayabe from 1920 through 1927 and was active as an Omoto believer and close supporter of Deguchi. He accompanied the Omoto leader in 1924 on an ill-fated trip to Manchuria and Mongolia in an attempt to establish a utopian colony. At the urging of several high-ranking military officers, notably Admiral Isamu TAKESHITA, Ueshiba relocated to Tokyo in 1927 and taught in several locations before establishing the Kobukan Dojo in 1931.